Resumes

Types of Resumes

Reverse Chronological

This is the most common resume format for college students. A chronological (or reverse chronological) resume organizes information by jobs/experiences in reverse chronological order—with the most recent experiences listed first. This format works well when:

  • You are seeking an entry-level position
  • You have a steady history of experiences related to the position you are seeking

Functional

A functional (or skills-based) resume organizes information into functional groupings of skills or accomplishments. This format works well when:

  • You want to demonstrate a clear relationship between your skills and the position you are seeking
  • Your experiences are not easily related to the position you are seeking

Combination

This type of resume organizes information with an emphasis on skills in reverse chronological order. Experiences and skills can be tailored to fulfill the specific requirements of a position. This format works well when:

  • You want to highlight skills related to specific jobs
  • You want to emphasize relevant skills and information that connect your experiences

Creative

Typically utilized for applying to design positions, this type of resume does not follow a specific format.  A creative resume showcases a student’s design capabilities while delivering key accomplishments in a unique aesthetic. 


General Resume Tips

  • One page – be brief but provide sufficient information
  • Consistency and clarity are key in formatting a resume
  • Utilize strong action verbs to begin your bullet points, but vary your word choice 
  • Tailor your resume to each position
  • Think of results and accomplishments – quantify when possible
  • Emphasize your unique skills
  • Make your resume stand out—use a personalized heading, bold and italics, lines, etc.
  • Print your resume on high-quality paper
  • Keep your resume up-to-date with experiences, accomplishments, GPA, etc.
  • Have your resume reviewed by a career coach or career intern
  • Always have an updated default resume in Go IRISH

Common Resume Sections

Resume sections should be tailored to the position for which you are applying.  Many sections are flexible and can be combined to tell your unique story.

Contact Information (Required)

  • Name – slightly larger font than the rest of your document
  • Your address (you can use your permanent address, campus address or both)
  • Email address and cell phone number (do not list your home phone number) 

Objective (Optional)

  • An objective is not needed on a “general” resume or for many industries
  • If you choose to use an “objective” it should be specific to the industry and position – a vague objective can do more harm than good

Education (Required)

  • Should be at the top of your resume 
  • University and location (hint – University of Notre Dame is in Notre Dame, IN, not South Bend, IN)
  • Degree (Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Business Administration, Bachelor of Science) and month/year of graduation
  • Major(s), Minor(s) and GPA 
  • Study abroad programs or other universities, if applicable, should be formatted the same as current university

Honors (Optional)

  • Relevant accomplishments, achievements, scholarships, or awards that you earned for exceeding average standards in either academics, athletics, or in a work environment

Relevant Courses (Optional)

  • Include courses related to your career goals, objective, and/or skill set in this section – this should NOT be a list of all of the classes you have taken in college
  • Relevant coursework can be incorporated into “Education” if you have advanced/specialized coursework related to the industry/position.

Experience (Required)

  • List most recent jobs/experiences first
  • Utilize strong action verbs and quantify results when possible 
  • Describe the scope and context of a situation and demonstrate the actions you took and the impact these had on both the organization (what value did you add?) and yourself (what skills did you develop?)
  • Describe what you learned and the skills you developed, not just the tasks/jobs you performed
  • Do not limit “Experience” to jobs or employment, you may also include clubs or project work

Leadership, Activities, and Service (Optional)

  • Your resume may contain one or all of these sections and some can be combined, such as Activities and Service
  • It is important to list quality over quantity in this section
  • Name the organization, your role/position title, date, and possibly a bullet describing the skills or responsibilities you gained during the experience

Skills (Required)

  • This section typically includes computer, language, science/laboratory, and production skills when applicable
  • Do not list soft skills in this section – instead incorporate those skills into your experiences to demonstrate how they were developed

Interests (Optional)

  • Certain industries may also like to see an “Interests” section that includes hobbies and areas of interests that could be discussed in an interview
  • Interest sections can be combined with another section such as “Skills” or “Activities”
  • Be honest and specific when listing interests – you may be asked about it in an interview!

 

 

Resume Guide

Resume Checklist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top 10 Skills Employers Seek in a Candidate

  1. Ability to work in a team structure

  2. Ability to make decisions and solve problems

  3. Ability to plan, organize, and prioritize work

  4. Ability to verbally communicate with persons inside and outside the organization 

  5. Ability to obtain and process information

  6. Ability to analyze quantitative data

  7. Technical knowledge related to the job

  8. Proficiency with computer software programs

  9. Ability to create and/or edit written reports

  10. Ability to sell or influence others

(2014 NACE publication)